A seaside city on the Cote D’Azur in France, Nice was originally founded by Phoenicians from Marseille around 350 BCE. The name is probably a reference to a “nike” or a victory over a nearby people. It was held by the counts of Provence until 1388 when it went under the protection of the counts of Savoy. They held it straight through the French Revolution and up until 1860! Nice was finally ceded the country whose language it spoke in 1860.
Today, Nice is a medium-sized city of 340,000. That makes it the fifth largest city in France. Nice has a long history of tourism, both in summer and winter, and it is one of the city’s principal economic activities.